Water tank monitor : Concept
I want to create two sensors to decide which water tank should supply the chalet. Let's discuss sensors, communication, power supply and display.
My parents have a little chalet, using a spring well and a rainwater tank. The change-over is done manually, when one of the two tanks become empty.
I want to monitor the level of each tank, to know when to use one tank or the other.
I will have two identical sensors, one for each tank.
And a base station will be put into the chalet, to display the level of each tank.
I think that the level of each tank doesn't need to be updated more than four time each day.
What about the "big picture" ?
If you read my post about the IoT big picture, I told you that each of my sensor will be reporting to a cloud service. It could be done though Wifi, GSM and so one, and could use a gateway to transform RF exchanges over TCP/IP.
Right now, I'm not ready to pay for a permanent GSM connection, and the chalet doesn't have a permanent Wifi connection. So my base station will intercept data and exploit them. It's not ideal, but maybe on a following post, I will transform the base station into a real gateway...
For a (very) low budget, and low power application, I will use RF communication.
Each tank is closed, so the sensors have to be powered for at least one year without changing the batteries.
I will use Alkaline AAA or AA batteries:
- I don't want have to recharge batteries once a year, so no rechargeable batteries
- Alkaline batteries have a great capacity
- Alkaline batteries are affordable.
To get the level of each tank, I thought of two solutions:
- Have two reed switches in each tanks, one for high and one for low level
- Use ultra-sound based distance sensor, which can get the distance between the top of the tank and the top of the water.
I will use the second solution, which allows me to get the precise level of each tank.
My two concerns about the sensor are the following.
Humidity & temperature
In the tank, I think the humidity will be much higher than on the outside. I hope that it will not be a problem.
The temperature will be sometimes below 0°C. But in general, each component is able to run at low temperatures. We will see...
One of the two tanks is in plastic the other is in concret. I hope it will not stop the RF signal.
The biggest concern that I have is the power consumption. I will try to minimise it at all cost.
No power difficulties here: plugged on the main power supply.
At first, I wanted to use a small OLED screen to display the level of each tank. Sadly, I have not received it yet, so in the first version, I will use two RGB LEDs, with a color code.
The next step is to find each component to use to create this two sensors, and the base station.
I have to keep in mind that for the tank sensors, the power consumption has to be very low.